Main Article Content
Mei-Chih Huang | email@example.com
Introduction: Short-term outcomes of preterm infants refers to any preterm infants’ conditions after birth including medical diagnosis or morbidity, length of stay at the hospital, and readmission to hospital after discharge. A high number of preterm births were identified as the major case in the year of 2015 in a medical center at Banyumas Regency, Indonesia. However, limited evidence showed the preterm infants’ short-term outcomes in this medical center. This study was intended to investigate the short-term outcomes of preterm infants in a medical center, Banyumas Regency, Indonesia.
Methods: The study used a retrospective design with a case-control study involving a convenience sampling of data set from 50 preterm and 50 term infants who were born from January to December 2015 in a medical center, Banyumas Regency, Indonesia. Any preterm infants’ outcomes from the hospital medical record were collected. Chi-Square, T-test, and Mann-Whitney U were used for statistical analysis.
Results: The study showed that preterm infants experienced low birth weight (LBW), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), jaundice, and longer length of stay at the hospital compared to term infants (p<0.01; p=0.027; p<0.01; p<0.01, respectively). Surprisingly, the study found there was no significant difference in readmission to the hospital between two groups.
Conclusion: Healthcare professionals can use the data as considerations for improving preterm infants’ optimal care.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Babali Nursing Research (BNR) agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant BNR the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License that allows others to remix, adapt and build upon the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and of the initial publication in BNR.
Authors are permitted to copy and redistribute the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in BNR.
 W. A. Engle, K. M. Tomashek, and C. Wallman, "“Late-preterm” infants: a population at risk," Pediatrics, vol. 120, pp. 1390-1401, 2007.
 I. H. Celik, G. Demirel, F. E. Canpolat, and U. Dilmen, "A common problem for neonatal intensive care units: late preterm infants, a prospective study with term controls in a large perinatal center," The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, vol. 26, pp. 459-462, 2013.
 C. L. Hermansen and K. N. Lorah, "Respiratory distress in the newborn," American family physician, vol. 76, pp. 987-994, 2007.
 S. Ü. Sarici, M. A. Serdar, A. Korkmaz, G. Erdem, O. Oran, G. Tekinalp, et al., "Incidence, course, and prediction of hyperbilirubinemia in near-term and term newborns," Pediatrics, vol. 113, pp. 775-780, 2004.
 H. M. Aslam, S. Saleem, R. Afzal, U. Iqbal, S. M. Saleem, M. W. A. Shaikh, et al., "Risk factors of birth asphyxia," Italian journal of pediatrics, vol. 40, p. 94, 2014.
 K. M. Tomashek, C. K. Shapiro-Mendoza, M. J. Davidoff, and J. R. Petrini, "Differences in mortality between late-preterm and term singleton infants in the United States, 1995–2002," The Journal of pediatrics, vol. 151, pp. 450-456. e1, 2007.
 S. K. Laughon, U. M. Reddy, L. Sun, and J. Zhang, "Precursors for late preterm birth in singleton gestations," Obstetrics and gynecology, vol. 116, p. 1047, 2010.
 R. Baer, E. Rogers, J. Partridge, J. Anderson, M. Morris, M. Kuppermann, et al., "Population-based risks of mortality and preterm morbidity by gestational age and birth weight," Journal of Perinatology, vol. 36, pp. 1008-1013, 2016.
 S. Kirkby, J. S. Greenspan, M. Kornhauser, and R. Schneiderman, "Clinical outcomes and cost of the moderately preterm infant," Advances in Neonatal Care, vol. 7, pp. 80-87, 2007.
 M. Paul, J. Partridge, B. Barrett-Reis, K. A. Ahmad, P. Machiraju, H. Jayapalan, et al., "Metabolic Acidosis in Preterm Infants is Associated with a Longer Length of Stay in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit," PharmacoEconomics-Open, pp. 1-7, 2020.
 M.-J. Kim, "Readmission of late preterm infants after discharge from nursery," Korean Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 52, pp. 888-892, 2009.
 M. Underwood, B. Danielsen, and W. Gilbert, "Cost, causes and rates of rehospitalization of preterm infants," Journal of Perinatology, vol. 27, pp. 614-619, 2007.
 A. J. Vachharajani and J. G. Dawson, "Short-term outcomes of late preterms: an institutional experience," Clinical pediatrics, vol. 48, pp. 383-388, 2009.
 L.-A. Papile, J. E. Baley, W. Benitz, J. Cummings, and W. A. Carlo, "Levels of neonatal care," Pediatrics, vol. 130, pp. 587-597, 2012.
 D. F. Polit and C., T. Beck, "Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice," vol. 9. Lippincot Williams & Wilkins: Philadelphia, 2012.
 M. Elfil and A. Negida, "Sampling methods in clinical research; an educational review," Emergency, vol. 5, 2017.
 J. Martínez-Mesa, D. A. González-Chica, R. P. Duquia, R. R. Bonamigo, and J. L. Bastos, "Sampling: how to select participants in my research study?," Anais brasileiros de dermatologia, vol. 91, pp. 326-330, 2016.
 M. S. Dahlan, "Statistik kedokteran dan kesehatan," Salemba Medika: Jakarta, 2013.
 A. L. Kent, I. M. Wright, and M. E. Abdel-Latif, "Mortality and adverse neurologic outcomes are greater in preterm male infants," Pediatrics, vol. 129, pp. 124-131, 2012.
 W. H. James, "Why are boys more likely to be preterm than girls? Plus other related conundrums in human reproduction: Opinion," Human Reproduction, vol. 15, pp. 2108-2111, 2000.
 D. J. Owen, L. Wood, B. Tomenson, F. Creed, and J. P. Neilson, "Social stress predicts preterm birth in twin pregnancies," Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 38, pp. 63-72, 2017.
 W. Wang, L. Wen, Y. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Wang, Z. Chen, et al., "Maternal prenatal stress and its effects on primary pregnancy outcomes in twin pregnancies," Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, pp. 1-7, 2019.
 C. Lau, E. Smith, and R. Schanler, "Coordination of suck‐swallow and swallow respiration in preterm infants," Acta Paediatrica, vol. 92, pp. 721-727, 2003.
 H. Sun, F. Xu, H. Xiong, W. Kang, Q. Bai, Y. Zhang, et al., "Characteristics of respiratory distress syndrome in infants of different gestational ages," Lung, vol. 191, pp. 425-433, 2013.
 S. M. Barlow, "Oral and respiratory control for preterm feeding," Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery, vol. 17, p. 179, 2009.
 M. F. B. de Almeida and C. M. Draque, "Neonatal jaundice and breastfeeding," NeoReviews, vol. 8, pp. e282-e288, 2007.
 M. W. Kuzniewicz, S.-J. Parker, A. Schnake-Mahl, and G. J. Escobar, "Hospital readmissions and emergency department visits in moderate preterm, late preterm, and early term infants," Clinics in perinatology, vol. 40, pp. 753-775, 2013.
 M. A. Underwood, "Human milk for the premature infant," Pediatric Clinics, vol. 60, pp. 189-207, 2013.