Mobile or Web-Based Intervention for Smoking Cessation

Main Article Content

Ifa Nofalia
Suhendra Agung Wibowo


Introduction: Smoking is the most preventable cause of illness and premature death worldwide. Because of the danger of smoking, smoker must try to quit smoking. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of mobile or web-based intervention on smoking cessation program.

Methods: This study was used systematic review with literature search using online reference databases such as ProQuest, ScienceDirect and SCOPUS. The keywords that used in this research was mobile intervention, phone intervention, apps intervention, web-based intervention, and smoking cessation. This study included randomized controlled trial studies with mobile or web-based intervention for smoking cessation program.

Results: Twenty-five RCTs showed intervention groups with mobile or web-based had better affect to stop smoking than control groups or comparison groups.

Conclusion: Smoking cessation is also influenced by the focusing of mobile or web-based intervention provided. Thus, providing information about the strengths and the effect of therapy is important.


Article Details

How to Cite
I. Nofalia and S. A. Wibowo, “Mobile or Web-Based Intervention for Smoking Cessation”, Babali Nurs. Res., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 31-38, Mar. 2020.


[1] A. R. Tarwoto et al., Kesehatan Remaja Problem dan Solusinya. Jakarta: Salemba Medika, 2015.

[2] A. M. Saputra and N. M. Sary, “Konseling Model Transteoritik dalam Perubahan Perilaku Merokok pada Remaja,” Kesmas Natl. Public Heal. J., no. 534, p. 152, 2013, doi: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.392.

[3] Riskesdas, “Hasil Utama Riset Kesehata Dasar (RISKESDAS),” J. Phys. A Math. Theor., vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 1–200, 2018, doi: 10.1088/1751-8113/44/8/085201.

[4] S. A. Quaderi and J. R. Hurst, “The unmet global burden of COPD,” Glob. Heal. Epidemiol. Genomics, vol. 3, pp. 9–11, 2018, doi: 10.1017/gheg.2018.1.

[5] V. Sridharan, Y. Shoda, J. Heffner, and J. Bricker, “A pilot randomized controlled trial of a web-based growth mindset intervention to enhance the effectiveness of a smartphone app for smoking cessation,” J. Med. Internet Res., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1–13, 2019, doi: 10.2196/14602.

[6] S. Yu, Z. Duan, P. B. Redmon, M. P. Eriksen, J. P. Koplan, and C. Huang, “MHealth Intervention is Effective in Creating Smoke-Free Homes for Newborns: A Randomized Controlled Trial Study in China,” Sci. Rep., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2017, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-08922-x.

[7] N. B. Baskerville et al., “Effect of a mobile phone intervention on quitting smoking in a young adult population of smokers: Randomized controlled trial,” JMIR mHealth uHealth, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 1–16, 2018, doi: 10.2196/10893.

[8] M. P. Wang et al., “Chat-based instant messaging support integrated with brief interventions for smoking cessation: a community-based, pragmatic, cluster-randomised controlled trial,” Lancet Digit. Heal., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. e183–e192, 2019, doi: 10.1016/S2589-7500(19)30082-2.

[9] F. H. Kathleen et al., “Web-Based Intervention for Transitioning Smokers From Inpatient to Outpatient Care: An RCT,” Am. J. Prev. Med., vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 620–629, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.04.008.

[10] A. L. Graham et al., “Improving adherence to smoking cessation treatment: Intervention effects in a web-based randomized trial,” Nicotine Tob. Res., vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 324–332, 2017, doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntw282.

[11] M. Bendtsen, C. Linderoth, and P. Bendtsen, “Mobile phone-based smoking-cessation intervention for patients undergoing elective surgery: protocol for a randomized controlled trial,” J. Med. Internet Res., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 1–9, 2019, doi: 10.2196/12511.

[12] A. T. Daly et al., “Cost-effectiveness analysis of smoking cessation interventions using cell phones in a low-income population,” Tob. Control, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 88–94, 2019, doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-054229.

[13] V. N. Thanh et al., “Effectiveness of a fully automated internet-based smoking cessation program: a randomized controlled trial (STAMP),” pp. 1–26, 2018, doi: 10.1093/ntr/nty016/4821055.

[14] B. G. Danaher, M. S. Tyler, R. C. Crowley, H. Brendryen, and J. R. Seeley, “Outcomes and device usage for fully automated internet interventions designed for a smartphone or personal computer: The mobilequit smoking cessation randomized controlled trial,” J. Med. Internet Res., vol. 21, no. 6, 2019, doi: 10.2196/13290.

[15] D. De Ruijter, M. Candel, E. S. Smit, H. De Vries, and C. Hoving, “The effectiveness of a computer-tailored e-learning program for practice nurses to improve their adherence to smoking cessation counseling guidelines: Randomized controlled trial,” J. Med. Internet Res., vol. 20, no. 5, 2018, doi: 10.2196/jmir.9276.

[16] M. F. Brunette et al., “Brief web-based interventions for young adult smokers with severe mental illnesses: A randomized, controlled pilot study,” Nicotine Tob. Res., vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 1206–1214, 2018, doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntx190.

[17] A. L. Graham, G. D. Papandonatos, S. Cha, B. Erar, and M. S. Amato, “Improving adherence to smoking cessation treatment: Smoking outcomes in a web-based randomized trial,” Ann. Behav. Med., vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 331–341, 2018, doi: 10.1093/abm/kax023.

[18] A. L. Graham et al., “Optimising text messaging to improve adherence to web-based smoking cessation treatment: A randomised control trial protocol,” BMJ Open, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1–15, 2016, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010687.

[19] H. A. Jones, J. L. Heffner, L. Mercer, C. M. Wyszynski, R. Vilardaga, and J. B. Bricker, “Web-based acceptance and commitment therapy smoking cessation treatment for smokers with depressive symptoms,” J. Dual Diagn., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 56–62, 2015, doi: 10.1080/15504263.2014.992588.

[20] D. Peiris et al., “A smartphone app to assist smoking cessation among aboriginal australians: Findings from a pilot randomized controlled trial,” J. Med. Internet Res., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1–16, 2019, doi: 10.2196/12745.

[21] T. T. Luk et al., “Chat-based instant messaging support combined with brief smoking cessation interventions for Chinese community smokers in Hong Kong: Rationale and study protocol for a pragmatic, cluster-randomized controlled trial,” Contemp. Clin. Trials, vol. 77, no. December 2018, pp. 70–75, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2018.12.013.

[22] W. H. C. Li et al., “A study protocol for a randomised controlled trial evaluating the use of information communication technology (WhatsApp/WeChat) to deliver brief motivational interviewing (i-BMI) in promoting smoking cessation among smokers with chronic diseases,” BMC Public Health, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2019, doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7417-6.

[23] D. Crane, H. K. Ubhi, J. Brown, and R. West, “Relative effectiveness of a full versus reduced version of the ‘Smoke Free’ mobile application for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trial,” F1000Research, vol. 7, p. 1524, 2018, doi: 10.12688/f1000research.16148.1.

[24] P. Krebs et al., “The Quitit coping skills game for promoting tobacco cessation among smokers diagnosed with cancer: Pilot randomized controlled trial,” J. Med. Internet Res., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2019, doi: 10.2196/10071.

[25] Y. Liao et al., “Effectiveness of a text-messaging-based smoking cessation intervention (‘Happy Quit’) for smoking cessation in China: A randomized controlled trial,” PLoS Med., vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 1–18, 2018, doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002713.

[26] M. N. Aung et al., “Effectiveness of a new multi-component smoking cessation service package for patients with hypertension and diabetes in northern Thailand: A randomized controlled trial (ESCAPE study),” Subst. Abus. Treat. Prev. Policy, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2019, doi: 10.1186/s13011-019-0197-2.

[27] C. Campos R, A. F. de Larrinoa, S. de L. Moriñigo, P. Diez, and B. Aizpuru, “Effectiveness of Text Messaging As An Adjuvant To Health Advice In Smoking Cessation Programmes In Primary Care. A Randomized Clinical Trial,” 2016.

[28] T. Y. Tseng et al., “Combining Text Messaging and Telephone Counseling to Increase Varenicline Adherence and Smoking Abstinence Among Cigarette Smokers Living with HIV: A Randomized Controlled Study,” AIDS Behav., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1964–1974, 2017, doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1538-z.

[29] C. Pechmann, K. Delucchi, C. M. Lakon, and J. J. Prochaska, “Randomised controlled trial evaluation of tweet2quit: A social network quit-smoking intervention,” Tob. Control, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 188–194, 2017, doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052768.

[30] M. Mason et al., “Text Message Delivered Peer Network Counseling for Adolescent Smokers: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” J. Prim. Prev., vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 403–420, 2016, doi: 10.1007/s10935-016-0439-2.