Main Article Content
Komang Agus Jerry Widyanata | firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: Unstable blood glucose levels in patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) can cause various complications, one of which is peripheral neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy is caused by atherosclerosis. The incidence of atherosclerosis can be seen by assessing the Ankle Brachial Index (ABI). This study aims to describe the ABI score in type 2 DM patients.
Methods: The design of this study is a descriptive observational located at the Wirasatya Army Hospital, Singaraja in April 2022. The subjects were 81 patients with type 2 DM. The sampling technique used is purposive sampling. Measurement of the ABI score is carried out using an Oscillometric Sphygmomanometer. Descriptive analysis is used in this study and presented by frequency distribution.
Results: This study found that 33.3% of subjects aged 44-55 years, 63.0% of subjects of male, 77.8% of subjects suffering from type 2 DM between 1 to 5 years, 32.1% working as entrepreneurs, and 78.2% having ABI scores between 1.0-1.4 so that they are included in the normal category.
Conclusion: Patients with type 2 DM in the age group of 44-55 years, male, suffering from type 2 DM between 1 to 5 years, working as self-employed and more have normal ABI scores.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Babali Nursing Research (BNR) agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant BNR the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License that allows others to remix, adapt and build upon the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and of the initial publication in BNR.
Authors are permitted to copy and redistribute the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in BNR.
 L. Chevtchouk, M. H. S. da Silva, and O. J. M. do Nascimento, “Ankle-brachial index and diabetic neuropathy: study of 225 patients,” Arq Neuropsiquiatr, vol. 75, no. 8, pp. 533–538, 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20170084.
 N. Khawaja, J. A. Shennar, M. Saleh, S. S. Dahbour, Y. S. Khader, and K. M. Ajlouni, “The prevalence and risk factors of peripheral neuropathy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus; the case of Jordan,” Diabetol. Metab. Syndr., vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1–10, 2018, doi: 10.1186/s13098-018-0309-6.
 D. Aerden et al., “The Ankle – Brachial Index and the Diabetic Foot: A Troublesome Marriage,” Ann. Vasc. Surg., no. 1, 2011, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2010.12.025.
 M. M. Mcdermott and M. H. Criqui, “Ankle-Brachial Index Screening and Improving Peripheral Artery Disease Detection and Outcomes,” J. Am. Med. Assoc., vol. 10, no. July, pp. 143–145, 2018, doi: 10.1161/01.STR.
 IDF, “IDF Diabetes Atlas,” 2021.
 Kompas.com, “Naik 6,2 Persen Selama Pandemi, Pasien Diabetes Indonesia Peringkat 7 Dunia,” 2020.
 Kementerian Kesehatan RI, “Hasil Utama Riskesdas 2018,” Jakarta, 2018.
 ADA, “Standards Of Medical Care In Diabetes-2019,” American Diabetes Association, USA, 2019. doi: doi.org/10.2337/dc19-SINT01.
 IDF, IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th ed. International Diabetes Federation, 2017.
 B. Levterova, V. Naydenov, P. Todorov, and G. Leterov, “Prevalence and Impact Of Peripheral Neuropathy On Quality Of Life In Patients With Diabetes Mellitus Pilot Study,” Trakia J. Sci., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 71–76, 2018, doi: 10.15547/tjs.2018.s.01.015.
 P. Katulanda, P. Ranasinghe, R. Jayawardena, G. R. Constantine, M. H. R. Sheriff, and D. R. Matthews, “The prevalence, patterns and predictors of diabetic peripheral neuropathy in a developing country,” Diabetol. Metab. Syndr., vol. 4, no. 21, pp. 1–8, 2012.
 M. Davies, S. Brophy, R. Williams, and A. Taylor, “The prevalence, Severity, and Impact of Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in type 2 Diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1518–1522, 2006, doi: 10.2337/dc05-2228.
 A. Kumar, A. Kumar, H. Kumar, H. K. Jha, S. Nayak, and C. Roy, “Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease & associated risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending diabetic health camp,” Int. J. Med. Res., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 90–92, 2018.
 U. H. Fata, “Overview Of Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) Values On Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 In Blitar,” J. Ners dan Kebidanan, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 254–259, 2017, doi: 10.26699/jnk.v4i3.ART.
 A. Santosa and D. Listiono, “Prediksi Score Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) Ditinjau Dari Tanda Gejala Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD),” Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, 2017.
 B. Y. Rahmaningsih, “Hubungan antara Nilai Ankle Brachial Index Dengan Kejadian Diabetic Foot Ulcer Pada Penderita Diabetes mellitus Tipe 2 di RSUD DR Moewardi Surakarta,” Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 2016.
 PERKENI, Pengelolaan dan pencegahan diabetes melitus tipe 2 di indonesia 2015. 2015.
 I. G. P. Arista, I. D. P. G. P. Yasa, N. M. Wedri, I. M. Widastra, and V. M. E. S. Rahayu, “Nilai Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) Dengan Neuropati Perifer Diabetik Pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2,” J. Gema Keperawatan, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 35–43, 2019.
 D. N. Anggraini, “Bagaimana Menurunkan Risiko Diabetes pada Pria?,” 2021.
 I. N. Pratiwi, K. Kusnanto, and M. K. Putri, “Spirituality Level, Family Support, and Spiritual Self Care Behavior among Patient with Diabetic Ulcers,” Babali Nurs. Res., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 58–67, 2020, doi: 10.37363/bnr.2020.1226.
 F. Kemala, “Rata-Rata Umur Penderita Diabetes dan Faktor yang Memengaruhinya,” 2021.
 Kusnanto, K. A. J. Widyanata, Suprajitno, and H. Arifin, “DM-calendar app as a diabetes self-management education on adult type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized controlled trial,” J. Diabetes Metab. Disord., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 557–563, 2019, doi: 10.1007/s40200-019-00468-1.
 A. Pahlawati and P. S. Nugroho, “Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan dan Usia dengan Kejadian Diabetes Melitus di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Palaran Kota Samarinda Tahun 2019,” Borneo Student Res., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2019.
 D. Wijayanti, “The Effect of Health Education on Knowledge of The Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus,” Babali Nurs. Res., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 23–29, 2022, doi: 10.37363/bnr.2022.3176.
 S. Chandrashekar and V. Kalaivani, “Peripheral Arterial Diseases in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-sectional Study Using Ankle-Brachial Index,” Int. J. Anatomy, Radiol. Surg., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 5–8, 2018, doi: 10.7860/IJARS/2018/31618.
 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Screening for Peripheral Artery Disease Using the Ankle-Brachial Index: An Updated Systematic Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, vol. 2, no. 165. 2018.