Correlation Between Risk Perception and Outcome Expectancies on Dietary Compliance in Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Main Article Content

Arina Qona'ah
Nikmatul Fauziah
Hikmah Lia Basuni
Corresponding Author:
Arina Qona'ah |


Introduction: Diabetic patients' non-compliance with diet can increase the risk of complications and decrease quality of life. Dietary compliance can be influenced by motivation, self-efficacy, knowledge, intentions, and family support. This study aims to analyze the relationship between perceived risk and expected outcomes with dietary compliance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: 150 respondents were obtained from five Primary Health Care in Surabaya through the cluster sampling method. The instruments used were a risk perception, a healthy diet-outcome expectation scale, and dietary compliance questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Spearman’s Rho statistics (α≤0.05).

Results: Most of the patients had moderate risk perception (67.3%) and high outcome expectation (48%). There was a significant relationship between perceived risk (p = 0.000) and expected outcome (p = 0.000) with dietary compliance in type 2 DM patients.

Conclusion: Diabetic patients' perceptions of their disease and the expected results have a positive effect on patient adherence to diet. Patients need accurate information about their disease so that they can create good perceptions and expectations.

Article Details

How to Cite
A. Qona’ah, N. Fauziah, Gusmaniarti, and H. L. Basuni, “Correlation Between Risk Perception and Outcome Expectancies on Dietary Compliance in Diabetes Mellitus Patients”, Babali Nurs. Res., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 194-201, Nov. 2022.
Original Research


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