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Ni Luh Putu Inca Bintari Agustini | email@example.com
Introduction: Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) is a process of providing knowledge to people with diabetes about self-care strategies to optimize metabolic control, prevent complications, and improve the quality of life of people with diabetes. Web-based and application interventions would be very helpful in addressing the significant burden of diabetes mellitus and are tools to assist healthcare professionals in controlling diabetes mellitus issues. The purpose of this literature review is to identify the use of Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) methods based on web and applications for people with diabetes mellitus.
Methods: The research design for this study were a literature review. Article searches were conducted using five journal databases, namely Pubmed, Proquest, Science Direct, Research Gate, and Google Scholar. The inclusion criteria used for data collection were full-text availability, journal publications from 2018 to 2023, in English and Indonesian. A total of 10 articles that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed.
Results: The results of the literature review showed that the use of applications and web-based interventions from the nine journals reviewed can affect the quality of life, self-efficacy, self-management, knowledge, weight, and clinical conditions of patients such as HbA1c level and lipid profiles.
Conclusion: The use of applications and the web are very effective as people with diabetes do not require a lot of money and time compared to direct control at health facilities. Applications can also be accessed at any time, thus helping to improve self-management in people with diabetes mellitus.
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