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Dewi Rachmawati | firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: Identification of factors that cause strokes greatly contributes to improving the prevention of stroke attacks. The study aimed to determine the risk factors that influence the incidence of stroke in the emergency room.
Method: The research design used a cross-sectional, the sample was 91 stroke patients who underwent a complete examination. Samples were taken using consecutive sampling techniques starting from May-July 2023. Data collection was carried out by identifying the results of TTV, BB, ECG, laboratory examinations, and stroke symptoms, which ended with interviews with family members of stroke patients. Data analysis was carried out using bivariate analysis and logistic regression.
Result: The research results showed, 38.5% were stroke bleeding and 60% were ischemic strokes. Factors that influence the incidence of stroke in the emergency room are gender (OR=9.524), hypertension (OR=0.346), blood glucose levels (OR=0.968), heart rate (OR=1.055), history of DM (OR=0.026), history of HT (OR=1.298), cholesterol history (OR=0026), and heart history (OR=92.147).
Conclusion: Risk factors that influence the incidence of stroke in the ER include risk factors that cannot be changed, namely gender, and risk factors that can be changed include hypertension, blood glucose levels, heart rate (EKG), history of diabetes mellitus, history of cholesterol, and history of heart disease. A history of heart disease is the dominant risk factor that influences the incidence of stroke because this disease is related to blood vessels which can cause blockages, ruptures, and embolism of cerebral blood vessels which ultimately results in a stroke.
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