Author Guidelines

Original Articles

Original Articles should be reported original clinical studies or research not previously published or being considered for publication elsewhere. The text should not exceed 7000 words, including a list of authors and their affiliations, corresponding author, acknowledgements and figure legends, with an abstract of a maximum of 250 words, a list of a minimum of 15 references primarily from international journals indexed by Google Scholar, Scopus, or Web of Science, and a maximum 10 figures/tables (see below for more details on the layout). The work described in your article must have been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans and EC Directive 86/609/EEC for animal experiment (please write the ethical statements in the methods section and attach the ethical approval form in the supplementary file). 

Qualitative Research

Qualitative research is multimethod in focus, involving an interpretive, naturalistic approach to its subject matter. This means that qualitative researchers study subjects in their natural settings, attempting to make sense of, or interpret, phenomena in terms of the meanings people bringing them. Qualitative research aims to understand the social reality of individuals, groups, and cultures as nearly as possible as its participants feel it or live it. Thus, people and groups, are studied in their natural setting.

Qualitative research is descriptive, phenomena, naturalistic, ethnographic culture, etc. Qualitative research consists of a theme, abstract, background, method, result, discussion, and conclusion. The minimum participant is nine and uses triangulation data. Qualitative research uses a variety of methods to develop deep understandings of how people perceive their social realities and consequence, how they act within the social world. For example, diary records, open-ended questionnaires, documents, participant observation, and ethnography. 

Case Study

A case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and comprehensive examination of a particular case. A case study may explore specific cases of a patient, can mean single and multiple case studies, can include quantitative or qualitative study, relies on multiple sources of evidence, and benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions. A case study consists of abstract, introduction, cases, discussion, conclusion, and references.

Argumentative Essays

The argumentative essay is writing one aims to investigate the topic, gather, produce, and evaluate evidence concisely. Argumentative essays must pay attention to define the topic, limit of a topic, and analyzing the topic. The generic structure of the argumentative essay includes: 1) Introduction which contains the topic and research statement. 2) The body paragraph consists of three body paragraphs namely first point and supporting info, second point and supporting info, and third point and supporting info. Each body paragraph must begin with a topic sentence and the topic sentence must provide new support for your argument with a variety of evidence. 3) conclusions is the conclusion of all the explanations in the introduction and body sections. Use at least 3 references. The text does not exceed 1000 words consisting of introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusions, with an abstract of 250 words.

Concept Analysis

Concept analysis is a strategy used for examining concepts for their semantic structure. Concept analysis is refining and clarifying concepts, in theory, practice, and research and arriving at precise theoretical and operational definitions for research or instrument development. The concept is relevant to the international nursing community and the concept can be placed within the context of existing nursing knowledge, such as a nursing conceptual model or theory. Besides, it is expected that the concept analysis would include the identification of conceptual or theoretical frameworks that were evident in the literature reviewed.

The author could follow Walker and Avant approach, which consists of the following: (1) select a concept, (2) determine the purpose of the analysis, (3) identify all uses of the concept, (4) determine the defining attributes, (5) construct a model case, (6) identify antecedents, (7) identify consequences, and (8) define empirical referents. However, other methods are welcome. Identify the concept to be analyzed. The focus of the analysis initially should be on a relatively abstract concept, and then can be narrowed to a specific health condition. Situate the concept within the context of extant nursing knowledge. Discuss the international relevance of the concept. Include a recommendation for the use of one or more nursing conceptual or theoretical frameworks that could guide future research about the concept.

Literature Reviews

A literature review is a survey of everything that has been written about a particular topic, theory, or research question. This can provide a background for greater research, or can stand alone. A literature review that effectively analyzes and synthesizes information about the main theme or problem.

A literature review consists of abstract, introduction, methods, results, and conclusions. The abstract presents a summary of the article explaining the background, the purpose of writing the literature review, the method of tracing the article, the results, limitations, and conclusions as well as the implications of the findings. The introduction must identify the topic, some discussion about the importance of that topic, and a research statement that outlines what conclusions will be drawn from the analysis and synthesis of the literature. The method describes data sources, journal eligibility criteria, and synthesis methods. A minimum of 15 articles is subject to a literature review. Results of the synthesis of articles from the literature review discuss and assess research according to certain organizational principles, rather than discussing each source separately. The conclusions section should provide a summary of findings from the literature review and explain the journal analysis that influences the conclusions drawn from the overall state of literature, their weaknesses, strengths, and presents suggestions for further research or explains how further research can close the gap in the existing body of work on the topic. The word limit is 6000 words, the article is written concisely (excluding abstract and references).

Systematic Reviews

Systematic Reviews are exhaustive, critical assessments of evidence from different data sources in relation to a given subject in the area of health. A systematic search of the relevant data sources should be carried out and the items collected should be carefully evaluated for inclusion based on apriori defined inclusion/exclusion criteria. A description and an analytical graphic representation of the process should be provided. The specific features of the participants' or patients' populations of the studies included in the review should be described as well as the measures of exposure and the outcome with indication towards the corresponding data sources. A structured abstract is required (the same as for short reviews). The text must not exceed 6,000 words including the acknowledgments (not including abstract and references), with no more than five tables and/or figures, a minimum of 15 references and maximum of 30 references.


Meta-analysis should follow the same guidelines for systematic review. They are expected to provide exhaustive information and statistical assessment of the pooled estimates of pre-defined outcomes, study heterogeneity and quality, possible publication bias, meta-regression, and subgroup analyses when and where appropriate. Depending on the type of study, the authors are invited to submit PRISMA flow diagrams or MOOSE checklists. Both systematic reviews and metaanalyses will be dealt with as original articles are, as far as the editorial process is concerned.


These include comments by organizations or individuals on topics of current interest by invitation only. The maximum word count should not exceed 1000 words. References should not exceed more than twelve. Editorials should normally not have tables and figures.

Letters to the Editor

These include responses to previous articles and editorials. The maximum word count should not exceed 1000 words, references should not exceed more than ten, with a maximum of three photographs. There are no subheadings within the letter. The Editors are also willing to consider letters of subjects of direct relevance to the Journal's interest. No abstract is required.



The title should be specific, effective, raw, straightforward, and clearly describes the main content of the article and written no more than 14 words in English. The author's name is written by default and completely without a title. The address of the institution is written completely and the appointment of correspondence address is provided by e-mail.



Abstracts are written in English which have clear, complete, and complete content describing the essence of the entire article content in a paragraph covering: introduction, aims, methods, results, and conclusion. Keywords as many as 3-5 words that reflect the important concepts contained in the article. Use keywords with the MeSH term (see The number of words in the abstract does not exceed 250 words.



Clearly identify level 1 (main section) and level 2 (subsection) headings in the text, preferably using your text processor styles so they can be easily re-formatted after acceptance.

In the method section, add an explanation regarding study design, population/sample, instruments, analysis, ethics (specifically for the original research type) and design, how to find articles, inclusion/exclusion, data extraction (specifically for the review type).

Add study limitations at the end of the section.



The author-year notation system is required and completed. All reference mentioned should be written down in reference using IEEE style. Please use Reference Manager Applications (EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, or etc). Articles have minimum references from journal is 80%.


Make sure that your paper is prepared using the BNR template.



Manuscript Submission

The manuscript should be written in Ms. Word format. The figure, illustration, and picture are included in the manuscript file. Submit manuscript directly to Babali Nursing Research (BNR) website. BNR will automatically REJECT any manuscript submitted via email or hard copy.

Manuscript English Editing

The following provides advice for authors on specific language points, to ensure that their manuscript matches the BNR style. All manuscripts should be submitted with good English and clear phrasing for the benefit of editors and reviewers.

Papers accepted after peer review undergo English language editing for minor issues, however, if you think your paper would benefit from editing at an earlier stage, you may request it via the Babali English editing service. If you use an alternative service that provides an editing confirmation certificate, please send a copy to the Editorial Office.

Manuscript Publishing

The feasible manuscript is determined by the Editorial Board after obtaining recommendations from peer reviewers. Manuscript revision is author responsibility, and manuscripts that are not feasible will be returned to the author.